ESD is comparable to this situation: if you attach a smaller garden hose to a pump with water pressure as strong as a fire hydrant’s, the garden hose can explode because it’s not equipped to handle the pressure. Moving to electronic terms, electricity in computer components travel through extremely delicate lines of copper. If those lines suddenly receive a voltage surge more than they’re able to handle, the lines can fail, causing damage to the component.
Fortunately, ESD can be prevented with a few precautionary measures. The trusted ISO certification ESD 20:20, offered by certification companies such as the International Standards Authority, Inc., can help organizations with the safe design, development, and maintenance of the (ESD) Control Program to protect ESD-sensitive electrical or electronic parts, assemblies, and equipment from damage.